Although biotechnology has produced many benefits for humanity, its applications have also had some undesirable consequences, such as the decline in the biodiversity of species and the reduction of agrobiodiversity, environmental pollution and the exploitation of intellectual property rights and patents in. The application of biotechnology has caused an unfortunate development of blight on crops. The potential health risks of genetically improved organisms relate to evaluating and minimizing the risk of food allergens in genetically improved foods. New methods based on biotechnology make it possible to identify, characterize and minimize the risks of food allergens.
Genetically improved crops and foods, and the risk of allergens associated with them, are now a matter of concern all over the world, especially in industrialized countries. Methods for testing and evaluating the risks of toxicity and carcinogenicity are well established for foods. The question remains whether developing countries can implement and use currently available technologies and protocols to assess food allergens and other health risks. Similarly, in the United States, farms represent less than 2 percent of all households, and the average consumer spends less than 12 percent of their income on food.
In industrial countries, consumers can pay more for food, increase agricultural subsidies, and lose the opportunity to get better-tasting and better-looking food.