Although biotechnology has produced many benefits for humanity, its applications have also had some undesirable consequences, such as the decline in the biodiversity of species and the reduction of agrobiodiversity, environmental pollution and the exploitation of intellectual property rights and patents in. The positive impact of biotechnology on the world is well known. The arrival of biotechnology has benefited fields such as agriculture, livestock, the pharmaceutical industry and medical sciences. In agricultural biotechnology, genetic engineering has allowed the production of crops that can grow in non-ideal soils or in dry conditions.
These genetically modified or transgenic crops are of higher quality and higher yield, and have a long lifespan. In addition, they have been designed to be resistant to pests, allowing farms to use fewer pesticides. Biotechnology has also allowed the mass production of drugs that were not previously available, such as insulin, and has facilitated research in molecular biology using genetically modified organisms. Everything in nature needs to be balanced and this is therefore also the case in the field of science and biotechnology.
Undoubtedly, biotechnology has brought with it a series of reforms in human, plant and animal life. Over the past decade, scientists have been able to modify plants, organisms, humans and animals using various techniques and tools of biotechnology. If we look at the positive side of biotechnology, there is no doubt that it has improved the living conditions of humans and animals, but it also has its own disadvantages. The following are some of the positive and negative aspects of biotechnology.